Steve Biko was a pioneering anti-apartheid activist and founder of the Black Conscious Movement. His writing and activism inspired, empowered and mobilised South Africa’s black population in the fight against minority rule.
Black Consciousness as defined by South African Students Organization (SASO) in 1972:
ii. the basic tenet of Black Consciousness is that the Black man must reject all value systems that seek to make him a foreigner in the country of his birth and reduce his basic human dignity
iii. The Black man must build up his own value systems, see himself as self-defined and not defined by others
iv. The concept of Black Consciousness implies the awareness by the Black people of power they wield as a group, both economically and politically and hence group cohesion and solidarity are important facets of Black Consciousness
On this day 36 years ago - September 12 1977 - Biko was killed by the apartheid state - dying, like many black South Africans, in police custody. Biko’s activism and thought have continued to inspire and influence people and politics around the world.
Click through the images above for captions - and through the Steve Biko Online Archive